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Acne

Overview

Acne is an inflammatory skin condition characterized by superficial skin eruptions caused by plugging of the skin pores. It is most common in adolescent boys, but can occur in both sexes and at all ages. Acne commonly appears on the face and shoulders, but may extend to the trunk, arms and legs. There seems to be a familial tendency to develop acne. The condition usually begins at puberty and may continue for many years. Three out of four teenagers have acne to some extent. Acne is notcontagious. A tendency to have acne may persist through ages 30's to early 40's.


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Causes

Acne is probably caused by hormonal changes that stimulate the sebaceous (oil producing) skin glands. Other hormonal changes, those occuring with menstrual periods, pregnancy, use of birth control pills, or stress, also aggravates the condition. Acne is caused when sebaceous glands within the hair follicles (pores) of the skin become plugged, because secretion occurs faster than the oil and skin cells can exit the follicle. The plug causes the follicle to bulge (causing whiteheads), and the top of the plug may darken (causing blackheads). If the plug causes the wall of the follicle to rupture, the oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria found normally on the surface of the skin can enter the skin and form small infected areas called pustules (also known as pimples). If these infected areas are deep in the skin, they may enlarge to form cysts. A sebaceous cyst forms when the sebaceous gland continues to produce oil. Instead of rupturing the follicle wall, the follicle continues to enlarge and form a soft, pliable lump (known as a cyst) under the skin. The cyst is usually not painful or discolored unless it becomes infected. Acne is not caused by dirt or some activities, but dirt and oil on the face can aggravate the condition. Other factors that increase the chances of acne are exposure to weather extremes, stress, oily skin, endocrine disorders, certain tumors, and the use of certain drugs (such as cortisone, testosterone, estrogen, and others).


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hi



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Signs & Symptoms

Acne can be seen on the skin as a rash or lesion on the face, truck (chest) neck, back, or other areas. Comedones (whiteheads or blackheads), pustules, cysts, papules, nodules, redness (erythema) of the skin lesions or skin around a lesion, inflammation around the skin eruptions, crusting of skin eruptions and scarring of the skin can also occur.

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crusting of skin eruptions and scarring of the skin can also occur.



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Prevention

The tendency to develop acne is inherited. Although acne cannot be prevented, careful cleanliness can help to lessen its likelihood to occur and reduce its effects.


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protct your face from dust



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Treatments
Acne Scar Removal Modern Medicine

acne-scar-removal

Laser Skin Resurfacing Modern Medicine

Laser Skin Resurfacing

Tattoo Removal Modern Medicine

Tattoo Removal

Laser Hair Removal Modern Medicine

Laser Hair Removal

Skin Rejuvenation Modern Medicine

Skin Rejuvenation

Antibiotic Modern Medicine

Treatment is used to prevent the formation of new lesions and aid the healing of old lesions. Topical medications that dry up the oil or help in skin peeling may contain benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, resorcinol, salicylicacid or tretinoin, or retinoic acid (Retin-A). Antibiotics (such as tetracycline or erythromycin) may be prescribed if the skin lesions appear infected. Topical antibiotics(applied to a localized area of the skin) such as clindamycin or erythromycin are also used to control infection.

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