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Atopic Dermatitis


 Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition that makes skin dry and itchy. The term “Atopic” refers to group of diseases that have inherited tendency of developing after allergic conditions. And term “Dermatitis” refers to inflammation of the skin. The condition is experienced by 90% of people before the age of 5 years. And in rare cases, the condition occurs in the later stages of life. The disease is more prevalent in females. The condition is not contagious, but run in families.

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The exact cause of the condition is not yet fully understood, but researchers believe the condition can be caused by hosts of factors. Genetic and environmental factors play crucial role in causing  atopic dermatitis. The disease is also related with malfunctioning of the immune system of the body. A family history of disease increases the chances of causing the condition in upcoming generations.

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Signs & Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of the condition are:

  • Itchy patches of skin on face and scalp
  • Rash
  • Swelling in the skin
  • Patches become dry, scaly and red

An undeniable fact is symptoms of the disease vary from one person to another.

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The condition cannot be prevented.

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Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

The condition is difficult to cure; treatment is taken with the aim of controlling symptoms. The treatment of atopic dermatitis aims at hydrating the skin, decreasing the risk of infection, reducing inflammation and alleviating itchy rash.

Symptoms are treated with:

  • Emollients
  • Applying cold compresses on the skin directly
  • Antibiotics are given to treat bacterial infection
  • Phototherapy is also given, if required
  • Giving lukewarm baths
  • Wearing cotton fabrics in order to avoid irritation
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