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Cellulitis

Overview

The cellulitis can also be called as a bacterial infection which mainly infects the skin and the underlying tissues. This disease is mostly seen in the legs but can infect any other part of the body. The infection spreads acutely. The disease causing bacteria enter the body by small cuts and fissures. This is also called bacterial skin infection.


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Causes

The cellulitis is mostly caused by group A streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus. The patient may develop infection of cellulitis after human or animal bites or injuries in the water and dirt. This disease is more common in people with poor blood circulation. The patient with diabetes, immunodeficiency and varicella infected people are found mostly with this disease. Patients with chronic liver disease or cirrhosis are also prone to this disease. Certain skin infections such as eczema, chickenpox, severe acne and psoriasis also attract this disease.


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Signs & Symptoms

The patient may complain of various symptoms namely:-

  •  
    • There is redness of the infected skin and pain in the infected area.
    • The skin may feel tender and some patients may also complain of fevers and chills.
    • The infected area may become swollen and fluid may get accumulated.
    • The infected skin may become hot and swollen from within.
    • The colour of the skin may become orange.
    • The patient may have fluid-filled blisters which may be small or large.
    • Some of the patients may have fever, chills and rapid heart rate.
    • He/she may also suffer from headache and low blood pressure.
  • In case of repetitive infection of the cellulites of the skin in a particular area the         lymphatic vessels can be totally damaged, leading to permanent swelling of the affected tissue.
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Prevention

The best prevention for this disease is to keep the skin soft and smooth so that no cracks and openings develop.


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Treatments
Antibiotic therapy Modern Medicine

The treatment mainly includes the treatment with antibiotics to prevent the infection from spreading to the blood and other internal organs. Antibiotics are given against streptococcus and staphylococcus. Dicloxacillin, Cephalexin, Oxacillin and Nafcillin are the drug of choice. The infected organ must be kept at an elevated level to reduce the swelling. At times cool, wet dressings are applied to reduce the discomfort of the patient. All these treatments will cut down the symptoms quickly but the drugs must be continued till the duration recommended by the doctor otherwise certain complications can develop

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